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The Pancreas and Its Diseases.

Diabetes Type 2

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Written by Cedill

What is Type Two Diabetes?

Type two diabetes is the more common of the two. This disease occurs when the body doesn’t produce enough insulin or the cells ignore the insulin. Insulin is necessary for the body to be able to use sugar. Sugar is the basic fuel for the cells in the body; insulin takes the sugar from the blood into the cells.

 

Some risks to get Type Two Diabetes are as follows:

- Age 40 or older

- being overweight

- Family member who has diabetes

- During pregnancy

Most common symptoms include:

- increased thirst

- Frequent urination

- increased hunger

- Unusual weight loss

- Fatigue

Other symptoms include:

- Frequent infections/cuts/bruises that heal slowly

- blurred vision

- Tingling or numbness in the hands or feet

- skin/gum/ or bladder infections that recur

- Vaginal yeast infections

Causes of Type Two Diabetes:

- Genetic predisposition

- Obesity and high caloric intake

20% of people with Type Two Diabetes have antibodies to their islet cells, which are detectable in their blood resulting in the expected low levels of insulin, suggesting the possibility of incomplete islet cell destruction.

 

Complications are as follows:

- Depression

- Gastro paresis

- Skin complications

- Foot complications

- Neuropathy and nerve damage

- Kidney disease

- Heart disease and stroke

Treatment/Complications

The main treatment for Type II Diabetes is to maintain a healthy diet. If their sugar levels are not maintained or monitored, a serious complication know as Hypoglycemia or Insulin Shock, occurs as a result of too little glucose (sugar) in the body. Since glucose is the only source of fuel for the brain, if the brain goes for a long time without adequate glucose, brain cell damage may occur.

 

Signs of Hypoglycemia

Cold sweat

Nervousness

Trembling

Weakness

Hunger

Personality changes

Confusion

Treatment of Hypoglycemia

Conscious patients are administered a sugar source.

Unconscious patients are given a(n) injection of glucagons/ or sugar source.

Photo provided by www.nursingclasses.com/ ceu-diabetes-mellitus.html

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