Make your own free website on Tripod.com

The Pancreas and Its Diseases.

Home
Cystic Fibrosis
Glucagon Production
Pancreatic Insufficeny
Pancreatic cancer
Diabetes
Pancreatitis
Links

Acute Pancreatitis

Acute Pancreatitis

written by Shawna, and Lesleigh


What is Acute Pancreatitis?: By definition, Acute Pancreatitis, is the inflammation of the Pancreas and is associated with Edema,Pancreatic Autodigestion,Necrosis, and possible hemorrage.
 
 Symptoms
 
Abdomenal pain,usually epigastric.
~ Fever, ileus,tachcardia, and in servere cases hypovolemic shock.
~Jaundice
~ Flank discoloration (Grey Turners sign)
 
 Risk Factors
 
 Alcohole
 Cholelithiasis
 Drugs (valproic acid, tetracycline etc)
 Pancreatitic cancer
 Abdomenal trauma or surgery.
 
 Diagnosis
 
  A blood test is the most common way of finding out if a person has Acute Pancreatitis.During acute attacks, the blood contains at least three times more amylase and lipase than usual (amylase and lipase are pancreatic enzymes).
 
 Another way of seeing if a person has Acute Pancreatitis is a adominal ultrasound  to look for gallstones.
 
 Treatment
 
 Treatment relies on how serious the pancreaitis is. If there are no problems with either the kidneys or lungs, Acute Pancreatitis will usually impove on its own.
 
Unless the pancreatic duct or bile duct is blocked by gallstones, an acute attack usually lasts only a few days. In severe cases, a person may require intravenous feeding for 3 to 6 weeks while the pancreas slowly heals. This process is called total parenteral nutrition.
 
 Complications
 

Acute pancreatitis can cause breathing problems. Many people develop hypoxia, which means that cells and tissues are not receiving enough oxygen. Doctors treat hypoxia by giving oxygen through a face mask. Despite receiving oxygen, some people still experience lung failure and require a ventilator.

Acute pancreatitis can sometimes cause kidney failure

Sometimes a person cannot stop vomiting and needs to have a tube placed in the stomach to remove fluid and air.

If an infection develops, the doctor may prescribe antibiotics. Surgery may be needed for extensive infections. Surgery may also be necessary to find the source of bleeding, to rule out problems that resemble pancreatitis, or to remove severely damaged pancreatic tissue.

 
 

acutepancreatitis.jpg

This site is property of LVB Creations, it has not been approved by any medical board(s). If you expericance any symptoms listed on this page or any page on this website it may be to your advantage to see a doctor.