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The Pancreas and Its Diseases.

Cystic Fibrosis
Glucagon Production
Pancreatic Insufficeny
Pancreatic cancer

Acute Pancreatitis

Acute Pancreatitis

written by Shawna, and Lesleigh

What is Acute Pancreatitis?: By definition, Acute Pancreatitis, is the inflammation of the Pancreas and is associated with Edema,Pancreatic Autodigestion,Necrosis, and possible hemorrage.
Abdomenal pain,usually epigastric.
~ Fever, ileus,tachcardia, and in servere cases hypovolemic shock.
~ Flank discoloration (Grey Turners sign)
 Risk Factors
 Drugs (valproic acid, tetracycline etc)
 Pancreatitic cancer
 Abdomenal trauma or surgery.
  A blood test is the most common way of finding out if a person has Acute Pancreatitis.During acute attacks, the blood contains at least three times more amylase and lipase than usual (amylase and lipase are pancreatic enzymes).
 Another way of seeing if a person has Acute Pancreatitis is a adominal ultrasound  to look for gallstones.
 Treatment relies on how serious the pancreaitis is. If there are no problems with either the kidneys or lungs, Acute Pancreatitis will usually impove on its own.
Unless the pancreatic duct or bile duct is blocked by gallstones, an acute attack usually lasts only a few days. In severe cases, a person may require intravenous feeding for 3 to 6 weeks while the pancreas slowly heals. This process is called total parenteral nutrition.

Acute pancreatitis can cause breathing problems. Many people develop hypoxia, which means that cells and tissues are not receiving enough oxygen. Doctors treat hypoxia by giving oxygen through a face mask. Despite receiving oxygen, some people still experience lung failure and require a ventilator.

Acute pancreatitis can sometimes cause kidney failure

Sometimes a person cannot stop vomiting and needs to have a tube placed in the stomach to remove fluid and air.

If an infection develops, the doctor may prescribe antibiotics. Surgery may be needed for extensive infections. Surgery may also be necessary to find the source of bleeding, to rule out problems that resemble pancreatitis, or to remove severely damaged pancreatic tissue.



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