What is Type One Diabetes?
This disease is usually diagnosed in children and young adults, and was previously known as "juvenile diabetes". Type One
Diabetes is a disease which occurs when the body makes little or no insulin (a hormone inside the pancreas made by beta cells)
needed to take sugar from the blood to make energy. In Type One Diabetes the insulin producing cells of the pancreas become
destroyed leaving no insulin available to open the doors of the cell for glucose to enter. Therefore cells now have no energy
and blood glucose levels rise, which cases diabetics to take insulin for life, but to this day researchers are still working
on insulin patches or inhalable insulin for diabetics to live in some comfort.
Complications are as follows:
- Heart disease (cardiovascular disease)
- Nerve damage (neuropathy)
- Kidney damage (nephropathy)
- Blindness (retinopathy)
Symptoms are as follows:
- hunger, sometimes immediately after eating
- Increased and consistent thirst
- Frequent urination
- Dry mouth
- Weight loss (even though appetite is increased and eating is frequent)
- Constant fatigue
- blurred vision
- Numbness in hands and feet
The cause for Type One Diabetes still remains unsolved, but medical professionals have discovered why it’s most frequently
to occur in some people as opposed to others.
The treatment for type I diabetes is a daily insulin injections. If the insulin injections are not maintained and sugar
levels are not monitored a serious complications called Hyperglycemia can occur, when there is too much glucose (sugar) in
the blood and is usually seen when there is a deficiency or complete lack of insulin. Diabetic coma was the most common cause
of death among diabetics in the years before the discovery of insulin. Today diabetic coma are extremly rare in a know diabetic
because its symptoms are identifiable for several days before the coma occurs.
Signs of Hyperglycemia (Diabetic Coma)
Loss of appetite